Most of the people who start to learn photography mostly wonder most about which lens to invest in after outgrowing the kit lens; although kit lens is one of the best lens to start your photography at as it offers a nice wide angle along with ample zoom as well.
Lens are expensive we all know that so which one will be worth our money? There are so many types and brands that it’s overwhelming sometimes.
To answer this you must ask yourself first that what kind of photography would you be doing with that, if you want to take amazing portraits or landscape is more of your thing, some people sometimes want the best of both worlds and want something that can do both.
The best thing to do is stick to the brand of camera you are using because mostly canon lens will be made according to the canon body so they work better with them; getting compatibility extensions to use Nikon lens on canon is not advised, there are some brands like sigma which makes lens compatible on all bodies they are however much feasible to invest your money it, they are sometimes relatively cheaper as well.
The understanding of the focal lengths help in knowing which lens will have what kind of effect on an image, human eyes has focal length more of less equal to 35mm and 50mm which is why lens that have closer lengths are standard lenses and can be used for all types of functions much like the human eye.
The topic of crop bodies and full frame will be covered in later posts as its easier to understand lenses without bringing in the complication of bodies, every company manufactures two types of lens ; each for crop body and full frame because the lens meant for full frame will have a different length when attached to a crop body.
Prime And fixed lengths
Portraits come out best with the fixed focal length lens; they are made for this purpose so they have a nice shallow depth of field that creates that bokeh effect everyone loves in their portraits.
The best buy for portraits on a tight budget would be 50mm, either apertures 1.8 or 1.4 work best for this purpose but if your budget does not allow you to spend a lot and you’re a beginner anyway 50mmf.18 is the best option.
However if you have the budget 85mmf.1.4 works best for portraits, it has much better quality and end result but it’s quiet heavy on the pocket so choose wisely.
It’s difficult to take group shots on this lens unless you stand really far away but a lot of people manage it nicely.
The telephoto lens
After using the 18-55mm , you will know that the zoom aspect in a lens helps turn one lens for multi purposes, its an ideal situation where you can hold a lens that capable of taking portraits as well as wide shots as well without having to run around a lot.
We propose the best of telephoto lens 70-200mm f/4 for taking both nice portraits and zooms well so that you don’t have to move too close to the subject. The zoom lens are best for candid, wildlife photography as it offered closer view without having to move closer to the subject.
55-135mm is another good option for a medium telephoto lens.
Wide Angle Lens
Any length under and close to 20mm is considered to be wide angle lens, the more the length goes down the angle of view will increase. Lens like 10-18mm are considered to be ultra wide angle because they offer views that are wider than even normal wide angle lens which is also why their perspective is really different, if not used properly they make the image distorted and mutated. These are best for capturing architecture and landscapes.
Normal wide angles like If you’re using a full frame camera 24-70mm would serve the best for wide angle shots but if you have a crop body 17-55mm would be a feasible choice.
Macro photography is an art on its own; the lens used for this function need to be faster and should have a very crisp result. The sigma 105mm and the canon 100mm both work best as they offer a nice depth of field and a crisp result.
Like we always mention in all our posts, practice makes perfect; explore and feel the difference.